4. Mool Mantra : The Essence Of Guru Granth Sahib Ji

Ik-Onkaar Sat Naam Kartaa Purakh Nirbha-O
Nirvair Akaal Moorat Ajoonee Saibhang Gur Parsaad.




With the Eternal Blessings of Dhan Dhan Paar Braham Parmesar and Dhan Dhan Sant Baba Ji, a Puran Sant Satguru, this kookar (dog) of the Gur, Guru and Gursangat is trying to bring out the truth hidden in Gurparsadi Braham Gyan – the divine wisdom of Guru Granth Sahib Ji.


This is based on own personal eternal and spiritual experiences encountered during a deep eternal involvement in the Gurparsadi Gursangat and Gurparsadi Khel. 


We will provide some insight in to the truth regarding the subject of Granth Ka Guru – Gurparsadi Naam – Ek Oankar Satnaam.


There is a lot of confusion concerning the definition of Gurparsadi Naam among the Sikh masses which is often misunderstood as Praise of Akal Purakh – which is Vaahiguroo.


Let us try to have a deep look at this divine fact and understand it in its real divine meaning.  Lets pray for getting it inside our Surat, Hirda and in every bit of our body, and achieve our objective of this life time by complete realization of Almighty.  By getting absorbed in the Akal Purakh, by merging in the Origin, and become capable of seeing, speaking, listening and then serving the truth – The Braham – Param Jyot Puran Parkash – Nirgun Saroop.


Guru Nanak Patshah Ji has very kindly presented the Sirmaur Anmolak Rattan Hira – the priceless diamond –  Gurparsadi Naam – Ek Oankar Satnaam of Dhan Dhan Paar Braham Parmesar in the First Shalok of Dhan Dhan Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji – Gyan Saroop of Paar Braham Parmesar – Shabad Guru – Puran Braham Gyan – complete divine wisdom.


All the vital spiritual and eternal qualities of Agam Agochar Aprampar Anant Apaar Beant Shri Paar Braham Parmesar have been very nicely presented in the First Line of the Braham Saroop Shree Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Let us take a dive in to the Gyan Sarovar to understand the Mool Mantra, which has very clearly defined that the Sirmaur is the Gurparsadi Naam – Ek Oankar Satnaam:

Ik-Oan-kar Sat Naam Karta Purakh Nirbhau
Nirvair Akaal Murat Ajuni Saibhan Gur Parsaad.




Only One.

There is no one else like Him.

He is unique.

There is nothing else that can match Him – the Primal Being, the Supreme Being.

The only Truth because He is the only one who doesn’t die, is always alive, not perishable.




Almighty God.

Beyond three dimensions of Maya.

No shape.

Nirgun Saroop (original primal formless God).

Paar Braham (Supreme God)

Akal Purakh  (Immortal Being)

Param Jyot  (Supreme Light)

Puran Parkash (Perfect Radiance)




One Nectar Amrit

Complete Silence is the Nectar


Jo Ek Ras Hai
Atam Ras Hai
Braham Da Nirgun Saroop
Param Jyot Hi Atam Ras Hai
Puran Shanti Hi Atam Ras Hai


Sat Naam


Ek Oankar’s Name(NAAM) is "TRUTH" (SAT).

Ek Oankar is the one that exists in reality – the all pervading TRUTH.

SAT NAAM is the origin, the seed of Creation.

SAT NAAM is not perishable.

Beyond description, no boundaries, no limits, is infinite.


Ek Oankar Sacha Naam Hai
Jo Hond Vala Hai
Jo Sat Hai
Jo Aad Jugadi Sat Hai
Beej Manter Hai
Maha Manter Hai
Jo Man Nu Tar Denda Hai
 Jo Man Nu Vas Kar Denda Hai
Jo Man Nu Shant Kar Denda Hai
Jo Man Nu Panj Doot Tu Mukt Kar Denda Hai
Jo Man Nu Hirdey Nu Paviter Kar Denda Hai
Jo Aap Param Jyot Puran Parkash Hai
Jo Sabh Da Janam Data Te Palan Hara Hai
Jo Agam Agochar Hai
Agam Hai Anant hai Apaar Hai Beant Hai
Jo Insaan Nu Apne Aap vich Abhed Kar Ke Apna Hi Roop Bana Denda Hai
Jo Atam Ras Hai
Jis Di Mehma Kathi Nahin Jaa Sakdi Hai


Karta Purakh


Who does everything

He is the one who runs the entire universe

Who brings up every one.


Jo Sabh Kuch Karta Hai
Jis De Hukum Ander Sabh Kuch Vaparda Hai,
Jo Sari Srishti Nu Chalanda Hai
 Jo Sare Jiv Atmavan Di Seva Sambhalta Karda Hai





Everything else in Creation is fearful.

The entire Universe is in fear.

He is the only one who is free from all fear.


Jis Nu Koi Bhau Nahi Hai,
Jo Nidar Hai,
Jis Nu Kise Da Koi Dar Nahin Hai
Baki Sabh Shrishti Bhau Vich Hai
Jo Sare Bandhana Tu Mukt Hai




Without any enmity,

No animosity with any one in the entire universe

Single vision

Always speaks the truth and sweet words

Always think good of others and does good to others,

Who is full of complete humbleness

Who is very simple.


Koi Vair Nahin Karda Kise Naal Bhi,
Jo Sabh Da Mitter Hai, Kise Da Vairy Nahin Hai
Sabh Nu Ek Drishti Naal Dekhda Hai
Amrit Vachan
Mith Bolra Hai
Jo Sabh Nu Pyar Karda Hai
Jo Maha Parupkari Hai
Sarbat Da Bhala Karda Hai
Jo Sada Puran Nimrata Vich Vaparda Hai
Jo At Saral Hai


Akal Murat


Who doesn’t die

Beyond time and space

Can’t be measured, limitless, no boundaries



Jo Kal De Chakkar Tu Pare Hai
Akal Hai,
Kal Tu Rehat Hai
Jisda Koi Ant Nahin Hai,
Jo Beant Hai,
Agam Hai,
Apaar Hai,
Anant Hai
Jis Di Vishalta Di Kalpna Nahin Kiti Jaa Sakdi
Jisda Pura Bhed Kise Na Payea Hai




Beyond the cycle of life and death

Was always present,  and present before the beginning of the universe, is always present


Jo 84 Lakh Juni De Chakkar Vich Nahin Penda Hai,
Janam Maran De Bandhna Tu Pare Hai,
Jo Janam Maran De Rog Tu Mukt Hai,
Jo Aad Jugad Tu Sadivi Hai,
Na Kade Jamda Hai Na Kade Marda Hai,
Sat Chit Anand Hai




Self lighted.

Doesn’t require any support, self created.

He is the one who is taking care of every one of us, the entire universe.


Apne Sahare Aap Parkashmaan Hai
Jisne Apni Sajna Aap Kiti Hai
Jo Sabhna Di Sambhal Karda Hai




Gur means Akal Purakh and the Guru.

Parsad means blessings (Kirpa).

Gurprasad means that God is only achievable only with the grace of the Almighty.



In summary, Sat Naam (God named "Truth") is the only one with all the qualities of the Mool Mantr and  other unmeasurable and undefinable qualities and which is achievable only with the blessings and grace of Almighty. 


In order to understand it in a more simpler way let us put the Shabad “SAT NAAM” after every Shabad of Mool Manter:




One God whose name is SAT”.

Creator Being whose name is “SAT”.

Fearless One whose name is “SAT”.

Hate free Being whose name is “SAT”.

Undying Image, whsoe name is “SAT”.

Unborn, whose name is “SAT”.

Self-Illumined, whose name is “SAT”.

By Guru’s Grace God is attained, whose Name is “SAT”.



The Mool Mantra is beyond description.  The entire Gurbani contained in Shri Guru Granth Sahib is the detailed description of the Mool Manter only.  The Mool Manter is also called the Beej Manter and


 The Beej Mantra, the Seed Mantra,
 is spiritual wisdom for everyone.


SGGS 274


The entire Gurbani is the praise of the Mool Mantra.  It is the praise of the Naam, Sants, Bhagats, Braham Gyanis, Satguru, Jan, Gurmukh and Gursikh.  It has come from Akal Purakh through the Sant Satgurus, who sang it and saved it in the form of Dhan Dhan Shri Guru Granth Sahib Jee for us to follow.


The entire Gurbani concentrates on the Naam.  And the Naam has been very kindly presented in the First Line of Dhan Dhan Shri Guru Granth Sahib Jee – which is “Ik Oankar Satnaam”.


The entire Gurbani tells us how we can become one with the Origin through the Gurparsadi Naam – “Ik Oankar Satnaam”.


Everything else is the praise of the Gurparsadi Naam – “Ik Oankar Satnaam”.  Wherever the word “Naam” is written in the Gurbani, it is referreing to the Naam defined in Mool Mantra , the Gurparsadi Naam that is “Ik Oankar Satnaam”.  This is the first and the foremost lessen of Gurbani, it is the priceless diamond which has been very kindly presented in the first line of the Shri Guru Granth Sahib Jee.


The only thing we all need to understand is that the “Ik Oankar Satnaam” is the Gurparsadi Naam of Dhan Dhan Paar Braham Parmesar.  And if we accept and understand that and have complete belief in it then if you are able to get the Gurparsadi Naam then your journey to Sachkhand can be very easy one.  This can’t be achieved without the Sangat of a Puran Sant Satguru, a Puran Braham Gyani, Param Padvi, Jivan Mukt, who is authorized by Akal Purakh to give Gurparsadi Naam to Sangat. 


The ones who are blessed with the Gurparsadi Naam are very lucky, and those of you are not yet blessed with Gurparsadi Naam should prey for getting the Gurparsadi Naam. And if you are lucky enough and if your prayer comes from the true heart and also if your deeds – Karni is good, and have great good fortune from past lives (Purble Janam Ke Sanjog), then you might meet a Puran Sant Satguru who might bless you with Gurparsadi Naam, hold your hand and give you Jivan Mukti  (salvation). 


 By good fortune, I have met the Saint Guru.




So only Braham Gyani, Puran Sant, Puran Sadhu Pargatyeo Jyot is capable of giving Gurparsadi Naam to Sangat. Gurbani is full of these verses which prove this verdict about Gurparsadi Naam and where will you get it.


In Sikhism, the Gurparsadi Naam was brought on this Earth by Nirankaar Roop Dhan Dhan Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji it continued to be available through the Guru Gobind Singh Ji and then through the Gur kirpa of Dhan Dhan Panj Pyare who were eternally blessed by Dhan Dhan Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji and who were Puran Khalsa, Puran Braham Gyanis.


After this there have been other Braham Gyanis who have been the custodians of the Gurparsadi Naam and have served the Almighty under His Puran Hukam. Similarly in the current time and space there are such Puran Sants, Puran Braham Gyanis on this earth who are the custodians of the Gurparsadi Naam, and they are authorized by Dhan Dhan Paar Braham Parmesar to serve this Naam to the Gursangat.  This is what has been taught to us by the ten Gurus (Dus Patshahian), and all the Sants and Bhagats of all ages : serve Akal and only worship Akal and nothing else.  The real worship starts with the Gurparsadi and complete surrender to Gur and Guru, it is the ladder to reach Sach Khand.


For achieving our spiritual objectives to meet the Almighty and be one with Him and become Jivan Mukt, we will need to seize the current moment, delete the past, and not worry about future.  Let us concentrate on

Ik Oankar Satnaam Ki Seva- serving One God Named Truth

Simran – meditation

and Parupkaardoing good to others


Let us make all our deeds truthful in the present, all Sat Karams, no untruthful deeds.  Lets become a completely truthful person and live as a completely truthful (Puran Sachyara) in the present time.  The future will become automatically be bright and the effect of the past lives will be deleted by Ik Oankar Satnaam Ki Seva.


In a nutshell the Guru that the holy scriptures (Guru Granth Sahib) praise is God’s Name – Ik Oankar Satnaam (i.e Granth Ka Guru is Gurparsadi Naam – Ik Oankar Satnaam.”


Dassan Das (Slave Of God’s Slaves)